Sensory Integration Manual Med

Sensory Integration Therapy

 

What is sensory integration therapy?


Sensory integration therapy consists in providing appropriate stimulation, sensory doses to improve the integration of stimuli that reach the child from the environment, that is through the external senses (touch, hearing, sight, taste, smell) and those that flow from their own body through the inner senses (balance feeling deep).
To understand the essence of the sensory integration method, we need to learn more about the meaning of our senses: sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch, sense of balance, sense of pro-prioception (kinaesthesia). When all these senses are in harmony with each other, we can function properly and receive the world around us. When our senses don’t cooperate, the so-called sensory processing disorders.

Sensory integration dysfunctions are most often characterized by:

 

  • excessive or too little sensitivity to sensory stimuli,
  • delayed speech development,
  • difficulties with motor coordination and body balance,
  • postural disorders (decreased or increased muscle tone),
  • difficulties in learning, concentration and behaviour,
  • problems in mastering tasks in large and small motor skills.

For who is sensory integration therapy?

Sensory integration therapy is one of the most important therapeutic methods that supports the child's psychomotor development. It is intended for children with developmental problems, school difficulties and also damage from the central nervous system. This unique method is also successful in such cases as:

  • with Down's syndrome,
  • with Rett syndrome,
  • with cerebral palsy (MPD),
  • with intellectual and motor disabilities,
  • visually impaired, hearing impaired,
  • and with other couplings, dysfunctions.

Why children like sensory integration therapy?


Because classes are attractive to the child's movement fun. It is properly targeted by the therapist so that it would have a positive impact on the functioning of sensory systems and on the overall development of the child.
During each session, the therapist activates the children so that they can overcome difficulties and face the tasks with which he can’t cope in everyday life. Sensory integration therapy is also shaped by the child's emotional and social development, self-esteem and self-confidence.


When should you come to a sensory integration therapist for consultation?

  • if your child has problems with the balance of the body, often stumbles, falls over, seems to be "clumsy" by movement,
  • has problems concentrating on the task,
  • it seems like it doesn’t understand the commands,
  • is fatiguing, has problems with manual activities, such as button fastening, cutting with scissors, drawing,
  • avoids the carousel, swings,
  • demands intensive play, likes to be in constant motion,
  • doesn’t like to be hugged, touched,
  • doesn’t tolerate specific invoices or clothes
  • is excessively sensitive to sounds, smells,
  • walks on toes,
  • bites various items, clothes, your body, other people,
  • speech development is delayed, has a speech defect,
  • can be aggressive, emotionally stimulated,
  • is a selective food,
  • has problems with eating, chewing and swallowing,
  • it seems to be unresponsive to pain or overly felt,
  • has problems with hygiene for example: washing the face, brushing teeth, combing, cutting nails, cutting hair, bathing,
  • has problems with self-service, reluctant to wash, dress,
  • can barely control riding a bike,
  • has problems with reading, writing, reverse letters, numbers, words, has difficulty copying,
  • has difficulties in determining the right and left sides
  • suffers from motion sickness,
  • it seems to be less self-confident, isolated,
  • is more tearful, irritable, has trouble falling asleep.

All these symptoms, as well as many others, may be indicative of disturbances of sensory integration.